What Is Top Up Charging
Most electric car drivers plug-in to charge whenever they park, be it at home overnight or during the day at the supermarket, gym or their workplace. This is called top up charging.
- Instead of letting the battery run empty and waiting while it fully recharges, drivers make use of the time their car is parked to keep the battery topped up.
- Public and workplace charging points typically range from 7kW to 22kW, making them ideal for top up charging.
- Combining daytime top-up charging with overnight charging at home is an effective way to keep your electric car charged and ready to go.
Tip: Electric car drivers dont worry much about how long it takes to charge from empty-to-full. Its more useful for them to know how many miles of range theyll get when they plug-in to top up.
Electric Car Charging Times Overview
EV charging time depends on the car itself, as well as the power supply that you have. Other factors should also be taken into consideration, such as how empty the battery is, and the temperature of the battery before charging. The best option for more specific questions on each EV model e.g. Nissan Leaf charge time, Renault Zoë charge time, or Tesla charge time – is to examine the features of the individual vehicles.
Below is a comparison of some of the standard charging times for popular EV cars with a NewMotion charging point vs a traditional wall socket:
Although your business is providing employees and guests with convenience and power, this doesnt have to come at a cost. Automatic Reimbursement, which is one of the services included in NewMotions online user portal for electric car charging services, ensures that your business is reimbursed for the entire cost of the charging session so you dont bear any of this yourself.
The cars with a two hour charging window are some of the fastest, while the Tesla models tend to be some of the slowest due to their large battery capacity. Discover what exact charger and benefits you can have depending on their specific EV model by browsing the electric car range.
The Future Of Ev Charging
Right now, there are about 40,000 public EV charging stations in the U.S., providing about 100,000 power outlets.
At the same time, automakers are rolling out more new EVs, fueling demand for more charging stations. Many newer parking garages for offices, apartments, and retail spaces are also including provisions for electric vehicle charging. That should make it easier for you to find Level 2 and Level 3 chargers in the coming years.
As EVs have grown more popular, weve seen advances in their battery capacities and maximum charging speeds. How much room is left for growth remains to be seen. Still, EV charging speeds are already fast enough for most uses, especially if you have access to Level 2 or Level 3 equipment.
How Long Does It Take To Charge A Tesla
Theres not a clear-cut answer to this question because so many variables are at play. The charging method, power output, Tesla model and battery capacity are all going to determine how long your vehicle needs to be plugged in for.
However, we can give you an approximate charging time if you have a dead Tesla battery and need a full charge.
Here are the estimates of how long it takes to fully charge a tesla:
- Level 1 : 20 to 40 hours
- Level 2 : 8 to 12 hours
- Level 3 : 15 to 25 minutes
Obviously, if you own a Tesla, you want to plug in at the Supercharger. With that said, the Superchargers arent recommended to be used daily because of the massive direct current. Instead, they were designed to give a quick charge while you are on the road. Ideally, you would also plug your Tesla in overnight to your garage with a Level 2 AC connection.
How Long Does It Take To Charge An Electric Car With Level 3 Charging
With different types of vehicles and batteries, a variety of fast charging stations with numerous power-outputs, and a handful of factors that can affect charging speed, it is impossible to provide an exact answer to that question.
However, we can give you an accurate estimate of how long it takes to fast charge vehicles per type of vehicle and level of power output.
|30 min||46 min|
Average time to charge the battery from 20 percent to 80 percent state of charge . For illustrative purposes only: Does not reflect exact charging times.
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How Do You Charge An Electric Car At A Charging Station
Wondering how to recharge an electric vehicle? Thankfully, its far from complicated. Charging stations are designed to be user-friendly. At home, whether on a domestic outlet or a Wallbox, the charging cable is simply plugged into your electric vehicle on one end, then into the electric outlet on the other, just like a regular electrical device. Easy! The process is similar with public charging stations, but you may need a code, access pass and/or mobile application to pay or register.
Depending on your electric vehicle and the type of public charging station, you may also require an adaptor for example to plug in a car with a Type 2 connector into a public charging station equipped with the old Type 3 socket although this has become increasingly rare with the introduction of the Type 2 connector as a European standard.
The New Mpg: Kilowatt
When you’re shopping for a gasoline-powered car, you pay attention to how many miles per gallon it gets. For plug-in vehicles, mpg isn’t the metric. Instead, an electric car’s energy consumption is measured in kilowatt-hours per 100 miles . That rating is on the car’s EPA fuel economy sticker and in the owner’s manual. Additionally, the federal Department of Energy, which establishes the energy-use ratings, keeps track of them on its fuel economy site, one efficiency list forpure electric cars and another forplug-in hybrids.
To figure out your cost of charging at home, multiply your vehicle’s kWh/100 miles figure by the electric rate for the time of day you’ll most often be charging . That figure will tell you the cost per 100 miles.
You also can work from the total kilowatt-hours it takes to recharge the EV’s battery. If an EV requires 40 kWh to recharge a fully depleted battery, and the rate is 18 cents per kWh, that’s $7.20 for a fill-up.
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How Long To Charge A Tesla
To recap, a lot of factors are in play when figuring out precisely how long it may take to charge your shiny Tesla. Battery capacity, charging method, and available power output all have their say in how quickly you can unplug and get back on the open road.
Heres a breakdown of the charging methods and approximately how long each take to fully charge a Tesla from a low battery:
- Level 1 AC : 20-40 hours
- AC Level 2 : 8-12 hours
- Level 3 DCFC : 15-25 minutes
As you may have guessed by now, Teslas Supercharger network is the way to go, especially in a pinch. However, due to their massive direct current, Superchargers are not recommended for daily charging.
They are, instead, in place to provide a quick charge for drivers on the go or for those on longer road trips. Tesla recommends Level 2 charging at home whenever possible.
Electric Car Charging Types And Speed Estimates
|Level 1 : 40kWh battery||8h 53m|
|Level 1 : 82 kWh battery||18h 13m|
|Level 2 : 40 kWh battery||3h 48m|
|Level 2 : 82 kWh battery||7h 48m|
|Level 3 : 40 kWh battery||0h 32m|
|Level 3 : 82 kWh battery||1h 5m||1h 48m|
There are three different kinds of electric car chargers out there at the moment: Slow, Fast, and Rapid. While the names are fairly self-explanatory, its important for any prospective electric car owner to understand the difference between them all.
Car charging speed is measured in kilowatts, which is also written as kW. Classifying a charger as slow, fast, or rapid all depends on that speed, and naturally the higher the number the faster your car will recharge.
Level 1 charging: Slow, or Level 1 charging means your charging speed is under 7kW. Typically these chargers are around 3kW, though 5kW slow chargers do exist. Slow chargers utilize alternating current , and can take anything from several hours to a few days to fully recharge a car.
Level 2 charging: This covers the 7kW to 22kW range, and can recharge your cars battery much faster than a slow charger. While they are not particularly fast, they will typically recharge your car in a few hours. Though, as ever, its all dependent on which car you have. Fast chargers also use AC power.
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How To Get An Ev Charging Sign At Your Business
As a business owner and/or operator who offers EV charging stations, you may choose to install a sign at EV charging parking spaces.
Where signs are installed police officers and parking enforcement officers can issue parking tickets for those who are improperly parked at EV charging parking spaces.
You can purchase signs from private companies who manufacture the sign according to the specifications in Regulation 615: Signs.
For more information, please visit:
- Section 27. 1 of Reg 615, which describes the sign specifications
Reserved EV charging parking sign
A sign for EV charging parking. Includes a no parking symbol, an EV charger symbol, and, the text Except while charging.
A bilingual sign for EV charging parking. Includes a no parking symbol, a bilingual EV/VE charger symbol, and the text Except while charging and Excepte en recharge.
Renault Zoe Charging Time
With its Z.E. 50 battery, the most recent ZOE features a higher battery capacity than its predecessor , and there are also new developments to highlight as regards charging. Its charging hatch now houses a Combo plug in which a European standard socket and two-pin connector are located. On a Wallbox with 7 kW wattage, it takes less than 9 hours 30 minutes to reach full charge, i.e. 395 kilometers WLTP*. It will reach enough charge for a range of 125 kilometers WLTP* in one hour at a 22 kW charging station, and in two hours when plugged into an 11 kW charging station.
The Renault ZOE now also comes with a second connector enabling direct current fast charging. This means that it can withstand wattage of up to 50 kW. That being the case, the 2019 generation of ZOE will only need a 30-minute charge to reach a range of 150 kilometers WLTP*.
Not forgetting ZOEs onboard Caméléon charger, which can get the maximum power for 22 kW AC charge stations . This allows ZOE to charge 6 times quicker than other vehicles!
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How Far Can An Electric Car Go
As you might expect, this depends on which car you choose. The rule of thumb is the more you spend, the further youâll go.
The range you get depends on how you drive your car. If you drive fast, youâll get far fewer kilometres than listed below. Careful drivers should be able to squeeze even more kilometres out of their vehicles.
These are some approximate ranges for different electric cars.
- Renault Zoe – 394km
- Hyundai IONIQ – 310km
- Nissan Leaf e+ – 384km
- Kia e Niro – 453km
- BMW i3 120Ah – 293km
- Tesla Model 3 SR+ – 409km
- Tesla Model 3 LR – 560km
- Jaguar I-Pace – 470km
- Honda e – 201km
- Vauxhall Corsa e- 336km
It is worth noting that electric vehicle range is expected to steadily increase as battery technology improves.
Other Factors That Impact Electric Car Charging Time:
- Your batterys size: Level 1 battery outlets charge at 120 volts, which typically provide up to 50 miles of driving range in about 10 hours. If you have more battery capacity , youll need more time to charge your car battery fully.
- Is your battery empty or full?: Drivers rarely charge their vehicles from an empty battery. They usually top up their batteries instead to lengthen the amount of time they can drive on a single charge, which generally saves drivers significant charging time.
- Your vehicles maximum charging rate: How much of a charge can your vehicle accept at once? Your vehicles maximum charge rate is static, so you wont save any time by charging your battery at a more powerful charging station.
- The power of your charging station: Your charging time also depends on the maximum charging rate of the station you are using. Even if your car can charge at a higher rate, it will only charge at your charge points maximum power rate, which can adversely affect charging time.
- The weather in your area: Colder temperatures can affect vehicle efficiency, which can lengthen charging times, especially when using rapid chargers. Hot weather can also affect your electric cars thermal management systems, which can affect its efficiency. Hot conditions can also test an electric vehicles internal resistance, rising as battery charges increase.
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Newmotion Charging Points And Charging Times
The comparison between wall socket charging vs the NewMotion Home charging solutions shows just how much of a difference the right charger can make to the speed at which an EV can be charged. NewMotion offers charging stations and packages for both residential and business use with a range of prices and performances available. The Home Fast, for example, is the best choice for electric car owners with a high speed charging ability, easy to use and simple to install. The Business Pro package has been specifically designed for business use with Dynamic Load Balancing capabilities, ideal for paving the way for a future-proof charging infrastructure.
Many aspects of EV charging have evolved over the past couple of years, from cost efficiency to charging speed. Its now far more convenient and much less expensive to have a charging facility on site, whether at home or at work.
Heres How Long It Takes To Charge An Electric Car
How long would it take to charge some of the leading electric cars on the road fully?
Use these approximate calculations based on a 240V Level 2 power source and charging capacity, according to the manufacturers websites for the following 2021 cars:
- Chevrolet Volt EV: 10 hours
- Nissan Leaf: Up to 11 hours
- Tesla Model S: 12 hours
- Karma GS-6: 4 hours
- Tesla Model 3: 12 hours
- Porsche Taycan: Up to 10.5 hours
- Mini SE Hardtop: 4 hours
- Audi E-Tron: 10 hours
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Secondly You Need To Know The Rate At Which Your Ev Charger Charges Measured In Kwh
We are going to concentrate on home domestic chargers. Some manufacturers offer 3kWh home chargers. The zappi comes in both 7kWh and 22kWh versions. Most UK houses have a single phase supply which means the maximum charge rate will be 7kWh. Therefore most homeowners will have 7kWh chargers installed.
The Faster The Charging The Higher The Rate
Unlike a typical 240-volt Level 2 home recharging system, Level 3 chargers are prohibitively expensive for a private individual to have installed. Tesla has its own dedicated Supercharger network but, once again, the rates can vary widely depending on region, timing, the model of Tesla being charged, and even if you choose Tier 1 or Tier 2 recharge speeds . One important caveat: Tesla Superchargers only work for Tesla vehicles. That is, until later this year.
In July, Tesla CEO Elon Musk tweeted that the electric car manufacturer will open its Supercharger network to work with other EVs later this year.
Voelcker again stresses that home charging is the best option for anyone considering an electric car. Yet, equally important is knowing where to find EV perks that are close to home.
Some workplaces offer charging for employees cars But electric-car owners quickly learn which public stations near them are free, which charge for charging, and how much they cost, he said.
For example, a bustling parking lot in a crowded city center might lure EV owners with the promise of free recharging. But the resultant fee for parking there could easily zoom past what youd have paid to fill up even the thirstiest fuel-hog car or truck.
To help you budget, try our 5-Year Cost to Own tool to determine everything from annual costs to ways you can compare the pricing with other vehicles.
Voelckers final words of advice to EV owners: Always ask before plugging in!
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The Capacity Of An Electric Vehicles Battery
Given in kilowatt hours , the capacity of the battery determines the vehicles range, i.e. the longest distance it can cover between charges. For example, by going from a 41 kWh battery to a 52 kWh battery, the Renault ZOE has increased its range by nearly 100 kilometers WLTP*.
Obviously, the larger the battery capacity, the longer the vehicles range, and the more time it takes to fully recharge the battery. So, on the same charging station, an electric car with a range of 100 kilometers WLTP* will reach full charge faster than one with a range of 300 kilometers WLTP*.
Plus, to reach optimal recharging frequency it is sometimes wise to only partially recharge the battery. This is because it is proportionally faster to charge the first 80% of the battery than the remaining 20%. For example, during a break at a charging zone on the highway, ZOE and its Z.E. 50 battery can go from 30% to 80% charge in just 42 minutes using a rapid charging station.