Tuesday, January 24, 2023

How To Change Brakes On A Car

Don't Miss

Count On Jiffy Lube To Provide Thorough Professional Brake Service

How to Replace Your Car’s Brake Pads
  • Youll be asked about your driving style
  • A complete visual inspection of your brake system will be performed
  • A more thorough brake inspection will be performed with a tire rotation
  • Brake fluid will be tested for moisture content and/or additive package strength
  • Service recommendations will be presented, and no work will be done without your approval
  • Your vehicle will be driven before and after the brake service

You can then take to the road with confidence that when your foot presses the pedal, your brakes will respond as theyre designed to.

Take Out The Brake Caliper Linings That Have Been Released

Once the brake calipers have been released from their fixed locations, the brake linings can be removed. Brake linings in modern cars are held in place by brackets that are in direct contact with the brake discs.

Their attachment points can be loosened with the help of the appropriate screwdriver. After that, the brake discs and the brackets can be extracted separately from the wheel hub.

Usually, the brake discs are also attached to the wheel hub using bolts. This needs to be checked manually by each person.

The other parts of the braking system wont be changed in any way, even if you choose to replace the brake discs and linings on your car.

Therefore, for the brakes to work correctly once they have been reassembled, it is recommended that they undergo a comprehensive cleaning and treatment.

The brake calipers and the brackets for the brake linings must also be thoroughly cleaned in addition to the wheel hubs.

It is recommended that you use a small wire brush on any dirt that has become embedded.

In any other instance, you need to be able to locate specialized brake cleaners in the technical trade that are suitable for different braking system parts in addition to discs and linings.

How To Change Your Car Brakes Do It Yourself

If your brakes are also producing a high pitched screeching sound or your dashboard is signaling the worsening condition of brakes with the indicator light, you should opt for changing the brakes of your car by following these steps.

The first step that requires to be followed while changing the brakes is to allow the breaking mechanisms components to completely cool down. It includes the rotor, the calipers as well as the pads. You must ensure that they are properly cooled down before you start proceeding with the process of changing brakes.

The next step involves cleaning up the moving parts of the vehicle using a cleaner. You must also remove the brake fluid that is present in the master cylinder. You can do this by using a siphoning device.

  • Loosening the nuts
  • You must then loosen up all the lug nuts. You can do this by using a lifting jack. Simply raise your vehicle and place a jack underneath it so that the vehicle remains locked in a place. To access the brake assembly, you should remove the lug nuts from your vehicles wheel.

  • Taking out the brake calipers
  • After you have loosened the lug nuts, you must loosen the bolts and carefully detach the brake calipers. To clean the brake caliper, you can use a cleaning lube. If the brake caliper is broken or damaged, you should look forward to replacing it with a new set.

  • Removing the brake pads
  • Examining rotors
  • Applying grease
  • Injecting brake fluid
  • Read Also: How Much Is Car Storage

    When To Get Your Brakes Changed

    The right time to change your brakes depends on the make and model of your vehicle, as well as how often you drive it. The manufacturers guide will provide you with the most accurate timeline, so we recommend checking the manual and basing your maintenance schedule off of it.

    If you arent sure the exact mileage on your vehicle, the general rule of thumb is to have your brakes inspected once a year, or every 20,000 to 30,000 miles. Timing for brake pad replacement is 10,000 to 20,000 miles, and the rotors should be replaced every 50,000 to 70,000 miles.

    These mileage numbers can vary based on the way you drive your vehicle. If you tend to tow heavy loads or spend a lot of time in stop-and-go traffic, your brakes will wear out much faster than the ones on a car used for highway driving. Also, if you tend to brake hard and often, youll wear out the pads more quickly.

    Questions Of A Fundamental Nature Regarding The Repair Or Replacement Of Brake Linings And Discs

    How Often Should You Change Your Brakes On A Car

    It is necessary to have a brake system that is in good condition to be able to rely on quick and accurate stopping in any traffic situation.

    Therefore, only those with knowledge in the industry should attempt to replace the linings and discs.

    If you choose to replace the brakes on your vehicle yourself to save money, there is a chance that the work will not be done correctly, and as a result, the car will no longer brake as it should.

    An accident is more likely to happen if it does, the insurance company might refuse to pay for the damages.

    As a result, you should only implement the change if you are capable of doing so in an appropriate manner and have the relevant experience.

    Read Also: How To Become A Race Car Driver

    When To Replace Your Car’s Brake Pads

    You can avoid expensive brake repairs by knowing the warning signs of worn brake pads.

    When it comes to maintaining automobiles, there are important parts, and there are crucial parts. Brake pads are among the most crucial of the crucial components that are considered normal wear items, since they create the friction that helps stop your car when they are pressed against the brake disc or, on some cars, the brake drum that rotates with the wheel. It is in every driver’s interestsnot to mention the interests of their passengers and fellow motoriststhat their brake pads always function properly and that they are replaced before they lose effectiveness. But when should you replace the pads?

    How To Test Brakes On A Car

    brakes are important on a car and should be checked regularly. To check the brakes, first make sure the car is in park. Next, use your left hand to pull the emergency brake handle while using your right foot to press down on the brake pedal. If the emergency brake light comes on, the brakes need to be replaced. If the pedal doesnt go all the way to the floor, the brakes may need to be adjust

    Also Check: What To Do When Upside Down On Car Loan

    Preparing To Change Brake Pads

    Fixing brakes, especially when you’re talking about replacing brake pads, doesn’t have to be a demanding job, but the right amount of preparation can make it go by even faster and ensure your safety, too. Here’s how to get your vehicle ready for the job.

    Start by placing blocks under the wheels so there’s less of a chance of the car rolling anywhere when you’re working on it. Next, loosen the lug nuts on the wheel where you want to change the brake pads — just as if you were changing a tire.

    Next, use your vehicle’s jack to lift the car up and then secure it with jack stands. This step is very important. Changing a tire is a relatively fast procedure, but replacing the brake pads takes just a little while longer. Plus, you’re going to have more of your body underneath the vehicle when you’re doing brake work than you typically would when you’re changing a tire. Securing the vehicle is critical at this point in the procedure. Your tire jack won’t be enough to safely support the car while you’re changing brake pads, so jack stands are necessary. An additional floor jack may be useful at this point, too otherwise, you’ll need to use the vehicle’s jack to lift one wheel at a time.

    Now that the car is in the air , finish unscrewing the lug nuts and take the tire and wheel off. This will leave your brake rotor, brake caliper and brake pads exposed.

    How Difficult Is It To Replace Brake Pads

    How to Replace Drum Brakes on Your Car

    This is a moderately difficult job but most people can do it if they own a shop manual and follow the process below. If youve ever changed your own oil, you likely wont have too much difficulty changing the brake pads on a vehicle equipped with disc brakes .

    I can be a dirty job so the use of mechanics gloves is advised. In some cases, a dust-filtering face mask may be beneficial. Additionally you will need a shop manual, a reasonably good set of tools, and a number of expendables. See Tools Required and Materials Required sections below.

    Some hand and arm strength will be required to loosen and tighten fasteners plus for removing and reinstalling the wheels.

    Recommended Reading: How Much Settlement For Car Accident

    Pivot The Brake Caliper Up

    With the bottom bolt removed, the brake caliper pivots up, as shown in the photograph above. The rubber hose, which is the hydraulic line, will flex to allow this so do not disconnect any hydraulic brake lines. If you think you have to disconnect a brake line, you’re doing something wrong. Reassemble the brakes and seek professional help.

    At this point, it is very easy to inspect the thickness of the brake pads to confirm that they need to be changed. Most brake pads have metal wear indicators, which are small metal tabs that squeak when they contact the rotors. Even if these are not yet touching, the pads are worn out if the friction material is one-eighth of an inch thick or less at any point.

    How To Change Brake Pads

    Difficulty

    Duration

    2-4 hours

    Brake pads serve an important function in your car, helping you slow down and stop your vehicle while youre on the road. Over time, they will wear down and you may notice that slowing or stopping your car isnt as smooth or efficient. In most cases, that means that its time for a brake pad replacement.

    While maintenance routines often vary according to each make and model, you can tackle this task on your own car with the right tools. This guide will explain how to change brake pads.

    Note: In most cases, brake pads and brake rotors should be changed at the same time. These instructions will focus on brake pads and can be applied to ceramic or traditional semi-metallic varieties on most cars.

    Also Check: How To Buy A New Car

    Pad Replacement On Rear Brakes

    The discussion above focuses on changing pads in your cars front brakes. Steps #1 through #16 will also apply to a pad change for your rear disc brakes. The only difference will be for brake calipers that include a means for the hand brake to apply the rear disc brakes for parking.

    These calipers may require a different process to push back the piston. The piston push-back procedure in Step #6 above may not work for this type of caliper. Not all cars have this type of rear caliper. Your shop manual will give you insight into your specific rear caliper arrangement and how the rear piston for such a caliper must be pressed in.

    This push-back process involves rotating the piston while pushing it back. A special tool can ease this method. It is the Lisle 28600 Disc Brake Piston Tool.

    This tool on a short 3/8 drive extension will enable you to rotate the piston while pressing it back into the caliper. You will still have to follow the procedure in Step #6 above for draining fluid from the master cylinder reservoir.

    A Couple Of Things To Note Before You Begin

    When to Change Car Brake Pads and How?(A Complete Guide)

    Know your caliper assembly: The majority of cars have a sliding-caliper brake assembly. That’s what’s shown in the photo above. Compare this caliper assembly to the one in your car. Other cars have fixed-caliper assemblies. The pads in fixed-caliper brakes are also easy to change but the process is slightly different, so we’ll cover it in another instructional piece.

    Do one side then the other: For reasons that will be clear later, you should change the pads on one side of the car from start to finish before doing the other side. Also, since you’re doing one side at a time, turn the steering wheel so that the wheel you’re working on is angled out for better access to the brakes.

    Now we can get started.

    Don’t Miss: How Does Car Insurance Deductible Work

    Righty Tighty Lefty Loosey

    The brake light housing should be out and more or less dangling by the wiring for each light. In many vehicles there are several bulbs in the single housing, from running lights, to turn signals, reversing lights, and the one were here for, brake lights. Many bulb sockets are secured by a partial-turn mechanism: turn it counterclockwise to remove it. This is often firm, but it shouldnt be difficult to turn.

    Brake Caliper Piston Tool

    The piston or pistons need to be retracted in order to fit around the new, thicker brake pads. The easiest way to do this is with a brake caliper tool . Depending on the caliper, the piston may need to be both compressed and rotated at the same time to retract. This is where a dedicated tool shines.

    Also Check: Who Invented The Tesla Car

    How To Change Car Brakes

    Last updated on By K. Seth

    Of all the components present in a car, its brakes play a pivotal role. Car brakes are not only significant when it comes to driving but also form a very basic part of its operations. A person who is enthusiastic about cars always takes care of its brakes. This not only keeps the car brakes in a better and efficient condition but also helps to avoid any mishaps that can be caused due to the failure of brakes in a car.

    Every kind of brake in a vehicle has a certain lifespan. With the regular use of vehicles, its brakes tend to become less effective and efficient over time. Proper care of your cars brakes must be taken in such cases. The negligence on your part regarding brakes can probably result in brake failure too. So if you are noticing any kind of problem that is associated with the brakes of your vehicle, you should look forward to changing the car brakes. A prime indication of the worn-out condition of your brakes is that, while pressing the brake pedal, a screeching high pitched sound gets produced. This article will provide you a piece of detailed information about the changing of brakes of your car.

    How Long Do Brake Pads Last

    How To Change Replace Brake Pads Easy Simple

    An average life span for brake pads should be around 40,000 miles. But there are several reasons why that life may be shorter or longer. If you often hammer on the brakes to stop suddenly or if you tow or haul a lot, your brake pads may wear out sooner. On the other hand, if you drive conservatively, slowly approaching a stoplight and applying gentle but steady pressure, chances are you may exceed that 40,000-mile mark. Either way, it makes good sense to care for your car well. For more on this, see Top 10 Car Care Tips.

    You May Like: How To Make Your Car Beep When You Lock It

    Monitor The Brake Fluid Level

    When you push the pistons back, the brake fluid level slowly rises. Open the master cylinder reservoir and check it often. This is more of a concern when you work on the second brake because the combined fluid volume of two calipers could cause the brake fluid to overflow. If it looks like this is going to happen, suck out some of the brake fluid with a turkey baster. There is more danger of overflowing if someone topped off the fluid level during regular service visits. The fluid level naturally goes down as the pads wear. And it comes back up when the pads are replaced. As long as the level doesn’t go below “MIN,” the arrow shown in the photo above, on the lower half of the reservoir, everything is cool.

    How Many Types Of Car Brakes Are Used In A Car Nowadays

    The car brakes used are drum brakes, disc brakes, and air brake systems. Drum brakes are used in most cars and trucks. They work by using a hydraulic system to push shoes against the inside of a rotating drum to stop the wheels from turning.

    Disc brake systems use calipers that squeeze pads against a solid disc to stop the wheels from turning. Air brake systems use compressed air or vacuum pressure to create resistance that slows down the rotation of cylinders on which shoes are mounted, This, in turn, slows down the rotation of wheels on vehicles that have them installed.

    Don’t Miss: What’s The Safest Car To Drive

    In Closing: Changing Brakes And Rotors How Long Does It Take

    Changing brakes and rotors may take about 30 minutes to an hour if they have no major issues. If there are problems, it may take up to 8 hours. The wide variation in completion time is because several brake system components must be checked.

    These parts of the braking system are all subjected to wear and tear. If the mechanic inspects the brake pads condition, they also have to check the conditions of the rotors or discs, the calipers, and so forth.

    Read next:

    So What Is The Cost Of Brake Replacement

    When to Change Brake Pads

    Unfortunately, there is no standard answer. Every repair facility charges a different hourly rate, and each manufacturer prices its parts differently. However, we do have some guidelines to help you plan:

  • Replacing rotors with your brake pads is critical to help optimize braking and help ensure safety. New pads on worn rotors can create issues with the new pads, cause vibration, or make braking less safe. So, plan to purchase new pads and new rotors together.
  • Each aftermarket rotor costs an average of $30 to $75
  • Labor to service brakes can run from $90 to $200 per hour. Brake service generally comes to approximately $200 to $500 per axle at a professional shop.
  • Calipers are typically the most difficult and expensive aspect of the braking system to service. A single caliper can cost up to $130 and several will reach prices even higher.
  • A complete brake repair that includes pads, rotors, and calipers typically averages between $200 and $800
  • Read Also: How To Afford A New Car

    More articles

    Popular Articles