Common Alternator Problems Include:
- Faulty alternator overcharging battery, symptoms include premature battery failure and bulbs blowing
- Faulty alternator undercharging battery, symptoms include premature battery failure, constant or intermittent flat battery
- Faulty alternator diode, symptoms include draining battery overnight
- Slipping alternator drive belt, symptoms include high pitched squeal under acceleration, soft battery and dimming lights, especially in damp conditions
- Faulty harmonic damper, causing lack of belt drive, symptoms soft battery and dimming lights especially in damp conditions
- Faulty alternator bearing, symptoms include a whine or hum noise
Having a workshop manual for your vehicle is always a good plan, they only cost a few dollars but will save you a packet. Good manuals cover repair diagrams, wiring diagrams, system operation overview, troubleshooting sections, fastener torque specs and sequences etc. all mission critical info.
Can A Car Battery Die When Its Running
Yes, your car battery can die when it is running. Your car batterys purpose is to provide the initial power required to start your cars engine. Once the vehicle is up and running, the alternator can take the ability to run your cars electrical system and maintain battery levels.
Should anything happen to your alternator, if it stops providing a charge to the battery, your car battery can die while the engine is still running. If your battery has a malfunction during driving, it could die while the car is still in use. In these cases, consult a mechanic who can inspect your vehicle and provide a clear diagnosis.
If your battery is old or already damaged, there is an increased chance of it dying while the car is in use. There should be some signs of damage to the battery beforehand, though. Common symptoms need to jump-start your vehicle regularly, dim interior and exterior lights, and the battery is periodically dying or shutting off the engine.
If you experience any of these issues, be sure to contact a mechanic to provide further assistance.
Does A Car Battery Charge While In Park
Yes, your car battery will charge while in park. Your vehicle will charge the battery whether it is driving, idle, or in park. Whether you are idling your car in park or not, the battery will still charge.
Any electrical loads that you add to the car while in park can slow down the charging process of your battery. Using the radio, lights, or AC units will drain on the battery and alternator, removing power instead of charging it.
If you leave your car in park or idle for too long, though with electrical drains, you will see a significant loss of power from your battery, resulting in a drained or flat battery. In these cases, you will have to recharge your battery before driving your car again.
When your engine revs as you change from park to drive, there will be enough charge from your alternator to charge the battery at a faster rate.
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How Long To Charge A Car Battery At 6 Amps
A 6 amp battery charger generally takes 8 hours to recharge A 48 amps car battery.
How? You know already, your car battery will be charged 1 amp from 1 hour. Now, you can easily calculate the time. Divide the total battery amp by 6 like this:48%6 = 8 hours
I believe its clear to you now. It will simply take 8 hours to recharge a 48 amps car battery with a 6 amps charger. Now, you may be wondering which amp battery charger I should get.
Here, I will suggest you go reading the whole article.
I can declare you will be able to decide yourself which type of battery charger you should buy as I will explain everything step by step.
And finally, you will be capable of buying the best car battery charger to maintain your car battery, keep it always in condition & safe. Also, you will discover yourself wise enough to find out one of the best deep cycle battery chargers to charge a deep cycle battery effortlessly .
Heres How Long It Takes To Charge An Electric Car
How long would it take to charge some of the leading electric cars on the road fully?
Use these approximate calculations based on a 240V Level 2 power source and charging capacity, according to the manufacturers websites for the following 2021 cars:
- Chevrolet Volt EV: 10 hours
- Nissan Leaf: Up to 11 hours
- Tesla Model S: 12 hours
- Karma GS-6: 4 hours
- Tesla Model 3: 12 hours
- Porsche Taycan: Up to 10.5 hours
- Mini SE Hardtop: 4 hours
- Audi E-Tron: 10 hours
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Introduction To Charging Electric Cars
Charging an electric car can be done at home or at any public charging stations. Fully charging a car can be done in just 30 minutes, or it may take as long as half a day. How big your battery is, or how fast your charging point is may change the time required.
Factors that affect charging speed
There are 5 main factors that affect electric vehicle charging speed:
1. Battery Size: Bigger battery capacity will take longer to charge.
2. Battery Status : Charging from empty will take longer than charging from half-full.
3. Maximum charging rate of vehicle: Charging speed is limited by the vehicles maximum charging rate, so you wont charge any faster even on a charging point with a higher charging rate.
4. Maximum charging rate of chargepoint: Charging speed is also limited by the maximum charging rate of your chargepoint. Charging at a charging point with a charging rate lower than that of your vehicle is not recommended.
5. Weather: It tends to take longer to charge at a lower temperature, particularly when using a rapid charger. Also, your car is less efficient at a lower temperature so you cannot add much to the travel distance per time charging.
Using A Trickle Charger
A trickle charger represents the safest way to charge your battery, as it provides a charge at low amperage. Slowly charging a battery means less chance of damage to its inner workings due to how a lead-acid battery works.
Inside it are lead plates and sulfuric acid. When the battery pushes out electricity, it is due to a chemical reaction in which the lead plates change to lead sulfate. The electrolyte solution of sulfuric acid gets diluted as sulfur goes from it to the lead.
When you charge your battery, you are essentially reversing this process. Lead sulfate goes back to being lead, and the sulfur returns to the sulfuric acid. Charging your battery too quickly or overcharging it can create heat and off-gassing, creating harmful fumes. An explosion is also a possibility.
A trickle charger, then, provides a safe, constant charge to your battery. More advanced models, like this DeWalt DXAEWPC4 Battery Charger, can monitor the battery and shut itself off when its reached full charge.
How long does it take to charge a battery using a trickle charger?
A trickle chargers biggest selling point is that it trickles the power back into the battery. We know this isnt actually what happens, but its the easiest way to explain it.
As we said, this is the safest and least damaging way to recharge your battery. But because of this methodology, a trickle charger can take some time to fully recharge a battery especially if it is really discharged.
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If Your Car Battery Is Above 12 Volts Go For A Drive
In general, if the battery is showing between 12 and 12.4 volts, its safe to recharge it using your vehicles alternator. That means driving around using as little electricity as possiblestereo system off, lights off , and all heating and cooling functions offto make sure that the alternator is sending as much energy into the battery as possible. Youll also want to keep your vehicle above idle as much as possible, as higher revolutions will pour more power into the charging circuit. Aim for at least a 30-minute drive to get the battery back to a safe level for your next start.
Jumper Cables Or A Booster Box
As mentioned earlier, these are sometimes more practical, especially if your battery has died when you dont have ready access to your garage and your tools, like if it died while you were at your office.
Jumper cables can tax the battery of the car while youre connected due to the speed at which its transferring power and in some rare cases, it can cause problems to the cars alternator if you leave the cables connected for an extended period while the car is running.
You should use jumper cables sparingly. If you find that you have to get a jump a few times each week, you should probably test your battery or your alternator because something isnt working as intended .
If your battery needs a jump every day, thats just bad news all around. Still, we need to do it from time to time so see below on how to properly jump a car.
A booster box is a portable device that holds a charge and allows you to jump a battery from the power stored in the unit. It works fast but is limited as it drains quickly before requiring a recharge.
The benefit of a booster box is that it can go just about anywhere and you dont have to worry about having room to pull a car close enough & cables long enough to use jumper cables.
How long does it take to charge a battery using jumper cables or a booster box?
Jumper cables are one of the fastest ways to charge a car battery. This is because youre sending the full amount of power to the dead battery from the running car .
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How Long To Charge A Car Battery At 20 Amps
A 20 amp charger can charge a 50% discharged small car battery in 1.5 hours, a mid-sized battery in 2 hours, or a large car battery in 2 hours. Double the times if 100% discharged. Its not recommended to use this large of a charger.
20 amp chargers are pushing the car battery past its ability to absorb all of the current from the charging process. This leads to overheating, the boiling-off of the electrolyte or worse.
Only use a 20 amp smart charger on the starter batteries on the high end of the scale and use only with great caution.
How Long Can A Car Sit Before The Battery Dies
Cars can sit for two months before their battery eventually dies. However, this is not the case for most cars.
The age and condition of the battery will determine how long it takes before it eventually dies. The rate at which it also consumes power even while the car is sitting will also determine.
But a battery in a great working condition should be able to last for two months or even more.
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Better Understanding A Battery Amp Hour
All car batteries have what’s known as an “Amp hour.” This is a rating used to tell drivers how much amperage the battery can offer for precisely one hour. This rating influences the battery’s voltage delivery, potential power, and runtime.
Therefore, a battery with 1 Ah can continuously provide a current of 1 amp for exactly 1 hour. It could also provide a current of 2 amps for 30 minutes.
How Long Does It Take To Charge The Battery At Idle
Even after considering the fact that your battery is dead, it will not take an eternity for your battery to charge. The battery will demand a lot of current because of the fact that it has been discharged. Around 60 amps or more.
Realistically speaking, a flat battery can be charged up to 80 percent in 2 hours. But to make this possible, the alternator has to manage 14 volts at the battery terminals, the whole time it is being charged.
It is also important for people to realize that cars are not meant to be kept idle. They are supposed to be driven around.
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How Long Does It Take To Charge An Electric Car
Electric cars are becoming increasingly popular with customers who desire their relative affordability, cutting-edge design and eco-friendliness.
They are also becoming cheaper to own and easier to maintain, thanks to the proliferation of charging stations at gas stations, office buildings, shopping centers and other public places. Also, the federal government offers from $2,500 to $7,500 in incentives for buying an electric car. Only GM and Tesla do not qualify for the federal incentives.
However, charging these cutting-edge automobiles may hinder their popularity due to a lack of charging stations in certain areas and slow charging times in many cases. Even extreme weather conditions can wreak havoc on drivers ability to charge their vehicles.
What can drivers do to maximize how much time they can drive on a single charge? Lets start with some factors that can affect how much time they spend charging in the first place.
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Big Battery Vs Small Battery
Just as not all vehicles are the same size, not all batteries are the same size, either. That makes sense a compact car doesnt need a battery big enough to start a V8 4×4 quad cab pickup.
So, if you had, say, a 40Ah battery and an 80Ah battery, it would theoretically take twice as long to charge the 80Ah battery, assuming the same level of depletion and rate of charge.
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How Much Range You Get Per Hour Of Charging
As an electric vehicle driver, its useful to know how many miles of range you are getting during the time your vehicle is charging so you know you can get to your next destination.
|Miles of range added per hour of charging|
|Up to 90 miles in 30 mins||Up to 200 miles in 30 mins|
- Range per hour varies depending on how efficient your car is. Small full battery electric cars are the most efficient and get 30 miles of range per hour charging at 7kW.
- The biggest full battery electric cars are heavier and get ~20 miles of range per hour at 7kW. .
- How efficient a car is also depends on environmental factors like temperature. This means electric cars are more efficient and get slightly better range per hour in summer than they do in winter.
Factors That Affect Car Battery Charge Times
Consider a swimming pool. If you want to know how long it takes to fill the pool up, youll need to know the volume of the pool, how much water is already in it, and how much water is coming from the hose.
All the same variables apply to recharging a car battery:
- How drained is the battery? You can test this with a proper car battery tester.
- What is the capacity of the battery?
- Has it been attached to a battery maintainer if not in use?
- What is the amperage of the charger?
Lets take a quick look at each variable and see how they all fit together into a simple equation.
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How Long Does It Take To Charge A Car Battery With A Trickle Charger
A trickle charger usually operates at around 2 amps and it is going to take a long time to charge up your 12 volt car battery . It can take as long as 24 hours to get the battery up to an acceptable charge, depending on how depleted your battery is when you start charging.
Trickle chargers are mainly used to maintain your charge on your battery over a period of time so that it never runs out of charge and you are never left stranded with a flat battery. It takes a long time to charge and will switch off automatically in some chargers once your battery is fully charged.
Often trickle chargers are used in workshops to maintain batteries while the mechanic works on the car, especially if the battery is going to stand disconnected for a period of time, this is so that the battery keeps enough charge to be functional when put back into the car for use.
Charging Car Battery At Home
You dont always have to charge your car in the mechanics workshop. It is not that difficult. All you need is one of the chargers mentioned above. It depends on your choice and your cars battery what battery charger should be best for you.
If you want a faster charger, then you can go for a higher ampere charger and vice versa. However, lower ampere or trickle charger comes with the auto-stop feature. You need to manually disconnect the charger when charging is complete. Otherwise, you can destroy the battery of your car.
While charging at home, make sure you are connecting the charger accurately. Connect the receiver side to the power outlet and connect the battery to the output side. Do not forget to connect the plus to the plus sign and the minus sign to the minus.
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Length Of Time Using 12 Amps
Before using a 12 amp charger, make sure that you arent charging from a circuit that holds multiple outlets and devices. Figure out the circuit breaker and wiring that you have on your outlet before choosing this version. The best situation for a 12-amp charger is that you can get 5 miles of range per hour of charge when using a 12 amp load.