What Happens To The Old Battery
The used battery still has value. It can be refurbished, repurposed or recycled for example, to store electricity from solar PV panels, or raw materials reclaimed. You may even be paid for the old battery.
Members of the Motor Industry Association of New Zealand have committed to a code of practice to have suitable systems in place for the use, capture, return, refurbishment, reuse, recycling or disposal of EV and hybrid batteries, with the aim that no batteries end up in landfill.
The Battery Industry Group is working to design a circular product stewardship scheme for large batteries. B.I.G. will create safety guidance and explore second-life options and innovative end-of-life solutions that help create a circular economy for large batteries.
B.I.G. is a collaboration between over 80 businesses across energy, waste, transport and battery sectors which have large batteries in their value chain.
Factors That Affect Charging Speed
There are 5 main factors that affect the time it takes to charge an electric vehicle.
- Size of battery: The bigger your vehicles battery capacity , the longer it will take to charge.
- State of battery : If you are charging from empty, it will take longer to charge than if you are topping up from 50%.
- Max charging rate of vehicle: You can only charge a vehicles battery at the maximum charge rate the vehicle can accept. For example if your vehicles max charge rate is 7kW, you wont charge any faster by using a 22kW chargepoint.
- Max charging rate of chargepoint: The time it takes to charge will also be limited by the max charging rate of the chargepoint you are using. For example even if your vehicle can charge at 11kW, it will only charge at 7kW on a 7kW chargepoint.
- Environmental factors: A colder ambient temperature can make it take slightly longer to charge, particularly when using a rapid charger. Colder temperatures also mean vehicles are less efficient, so less miles are added per time charging.
Tip: In cold weather, bringing the cabin space up to temperature takes energy not used to drive the car. If the car regularly heats then cools down after short journeys, you use much more energy and your range significantly reduces. This means its a good idea to use regular top up charges. On longer trips the effects of cold weather are less pronounced, though still noticeable.
Biz Karts Ecovolt Ng+
BIZ Karts is a go-karting manufacturer thats based in London, United Kingdom and has been manufacturing racing go-karts since the 1990s. ECOVOLT NG+ is their latest release and this go-kart features an array of improvements and technical innovations compared to its predecessor. With regards to its performance, this go-kart is equipped with a 10.5kW interior permanent magnet motor, giving it 45 Nm of torque.
Its also equipped with a 48V 350A controller, which is connected to a 51.2V 2kWh lithium iron phosphate battery . The ECOVOLT NG+ is also equipped with extensive features such as an emergency stop switch, a forward and reverse mode, remote shutdown option for track operators and diagnostic LED indicators. This makes it a great go-kart for personal use or if youre operating a go-kart racing facility.
There are also several customization options that you can opt for which include a speed boost system for overtaking, seat upholstery, active battery cooling, adjustable steering column, braking lights, roll bar, seat belt and much more. Overall, the ECOVOLT NG+ is a great option for karting track operators who are looking for electric performance go-karts with plenty of customization options.
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Are Evs As Fast As Fuel Cars
Many people associate power with the deep sound of revving engines and mistake EVs silence to mean they are lacking in speed and performance. In fact, the opposite is true. EVs accelerate faster than gas-powered cars and have more than enough speed for every-day usage.
The reason for this is that electric motors are much simpler than internal combustion engines. Therefore, EVs can provide full torque the force that drives the vehicle forward from 0 kilometers, resulting in instant acceleration. In comparison, traditional combustion engines take longer to get engine-generated power to the wheels and might need to rev up in order to reach maximum torque. With traditional fuel cars, the power also has to go through more moving parts, like the gearbox, making them less efficient.
What About Public Charging Points
Many local authorities are putting in street charging points. Look out for lamp posts with a blue light on them. These will have plugs where you can get power.
Lots of new electric cars now have apps installed that will direct you to the nearest charging point. If not, there are a host of websites and downloadable apps that will do the job.
There are already more than 30,000 charging stations in the UK, according to the electricity company EDF. This means there are already more public places to charge than petrol stations. Around 10,000 new charge points were added just in 2019.
And you should expect that number to increase rapidly. Today, the government announced a Â£1.3bn investment in electric vehicle infrastructure, including charging points across the country.
Public charging points are pretty easy to use, but there are a number of different operators and you often have to be a member to use them.
Some charge a flat fee each month for access some offer pay-as-you-go charging.
Typically, youâll need to use a swipecard or your mobile phone to unlock the charging point. This will allow you to connect the charging cable from your car to the charging point.
A few manufacturers, most notably Tesla, offer access to âsuperchargersâ. These allow very rapid charging indeed, you might get an 80% charge in just 30 minutes â about the time it takes to go to the loo and buy and drink a cup of coffee.
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Are Electric Cars Good For Long Commutes
Electric cars can be great for long commutes, you just need to start from a full charge and be aware of the range of your specific vehicle. If youre only charging your car at home, then you simply need to ensure you can get to and from work on one charge, before plugging back in overnight.
However, with all of the electric power points mentioned above, theres no reason you cant top up on a lunch break. Just be aware that charging can take a while , so youll need to plan accordingly.
States Take The Wheel Promoting Electric Vehicles
The next step up is a 240-volt level 2 charger. The speed varies, but 15-25 miles added per hour spent charging is typical.
David Cooper, who drives a Nissan Leaf, used to charge on a standard outlet at work, but persuaded his condo building to add two public level 2 chargers.
“The vast majority of the charging I do now is at home,” he says. He plugs his Leaf in overnight, and schedules it to charge between 2 and 6 a.m. In those four hours, it adds around 100 miles of range.
Many shared chargers at workplaces, restaurants and other public locations are level 2 chargers, but they can also be installed at private homes the cost can range from a few hundred to a few thousand dollars.
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How Can I Increase An Electric Cars Range
But just like a petrol or diesel car, how you drive an electric car will affect how far you can go in it. So reducing your speed can reduce your energy consumption in fact, dropping your speed by 10mph uses 14% less energy, giving you more range from one charge. Cutting down on using your heater and air-con will also help your electric car go further.
Braking hard and starting your vehicle from a standstill both put more strain on your battery, so look as far ahead as possible and concentrate on slowing gently rather than stopping abruptly.
The Growing Range Of Evs
Back in the humble beginnings of EVs, the best-selling electric car, the Nissan LEAF, had a maximum range of about 175 km . Fast-forward to today and Nissan has just released their latest EV with a range of 460 km . The new Hyundai Kona, Volkswagen ID.3 Tour, and Kia EV6 can reach 300-500 km on a single charge too.
The main reason? Batteries have become more powerful and less expensive. Batteries are the most expensive component when making an EV and their price has fallen dramatically over the past decade. Recent statistics from Bloomberg pointed out that battery costs have dropped from $1,200 per kilowatt-hour to around $125/kWh today.
By 2023, the cost per kWh is expected to dip below $100the number often seen as the point where EVs will reach price parity with gasoline vehicles. Put simply, the falling costs of batteries mean lower prices for electric cars across the board.
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Kia Ev6 Gt: Top Speed Over 160mph
While the Kia is by far the most affordable entry on this list, it has no problem reaching a higher top speed than the Audi above, which costs almost twice as much. The high-performance variant of the South Korean brand’s coupe-SUV produces a combined 576bhp and 740Nm of torque from its two electric motors . The EV6 GT can also accelerate from 0-62mph in 3.5 seconds slower than the RS e-tron GT, but faster than the latest BMW M3. Get more information on the Kia EV6 here.
Why Are Internal Combustion Engines So Much Slower
Above is the torque/speed graph for a conventional vehicle. Evidently, torque comes much later and is nowhere near instant. In fact, if you do some basic predictions, it has barely any torque at around zero revs.
Consequently, the starter motor was invented, with one very important purpose. Its job is to rotate an internal combustion engine. Then as the revolutions increase, it can provide its own torque to get the car moving.
These little motors run off the cars battery, hence why a car wont start if the battery is flat. Alternatively, if you have ever seen anyone pushing their car down the hill, that probably means they are jump starting it. Simply put, jumpstarting cranks the engine so the starter motor is not needed.
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How Fast Do 6v 12v 24 Volt And 36v Ride On Toys Go
Kids electric cars come in all shapes and sizes, and it can be difficult to know what kind of speed to expect from your chosen model. Below youll find information on how fast 6v kids ride on toys go, how fast 12v kids ride on cars go, and also how fast larger 24v and 36v kids electric cars can go.
The speed of the car depends on two factors: the size of the battery and the size of the motor. The smallest kids electric cars are those designed for very young children. These cars are usually fitted with small batteries and very low-powered motors, and travel at speeds of around 2mph. When you bear in mind that a brisk, adult walking speed is around 4 miles an hour, this is a safe, slow pace.
Cars designed for 3-5-year-olds generally use 6v motors and 6v batteries. These cars usually travel at around 2-3mph. Cars with 12v batteries and motors are capable of speeds of up to 4mph, while 24 volt vehicles can travel up to 6mph, although this is only if they are fitted with a 24v motor. Many kids electric cars with 24v batteries use 12v motors, the extra power prolonging battery life.
Kids electric cars using 36v batteries are capable of significantly higher speeds than smaller models, since they are able to use larger, more efficient motors. Some 36v vehicles can travel at speeds of 15mph. 48v vehicles are capable of even greater speeds, topping out at around 18mph.
Quick Facts on Speed of 6v, 12v, 24v & 36v ride-on toys:
Is Ev Charging Fast Enough
Another common misconception amongst potential buyers centers around the time it takes to recharge an EV. However, with EVs giving you the option to charge at home, you can simply plug in your car when you arrive home and charge it overnight. This makes charging an EV much more convenient and means your vehicle is fully loaded each morning.
Additionally, thanks to developments in technology, charging times have also improved significantly in recent years. For instance, you can now charge a Nissan Leaf with a 22 kW fast charger in about 90 minutes. Moreover, ultra-fast EV chargers with capacities of 150kW or higher are just hitting the market now, meaning you will soon be able to charge any EV in mere minutes, not hours.
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What Is Vehicle Range
Vehicle range is the estimated distance that your vehicle can travel on a single charge. In terms of electric vehicles, this refers to the amount of charge left in the vehicle battery at any given time. This is often displayed on a vehicle dashboard as either a percentage or miles/KM remaining. A vehicles actual range depends on many fluctuating factors, such as the environment and your personal driving and charging habits.
What’s Its Absolute Maximum Top Speed
The absolute fastest the car has gone on electric power to date is 72 km/h . This was on a very slightly downhill stretch of rural highway.
Because the car isn’t very powerful, it takes a long time to get up to this speed . That’s why I tell people that in normal city driving, 50-55 km/h is its “effective” or “practical” top speed.
It can theoretically go quite a bit faster than 72 km/h, but we would need a very loooong, flat road and some patience to find out just how much faster.
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How Many Kwh Does An Ev Use Per Mile
Based on an average 54kWh battery and an average vehicle range of 211 miles, in the perfect conditions, an electric car will use on average around 0.25 kWh per mile.
Though, this figure will seesaw slightly based on the amount of extra energy used through the use of interior heaters, wind screen wipers, electronic features, etc. Equally, a continuous change in rolling resistance, fluctuating temperatures and daily weather conditions all play a part in the potential kWs used.
Porsche Taycan Turbo S
The Taycan Turbo S is Porscheâs flagship electric car, able to go from 0 to 60 mph in just 2.6 seconds and sporting a maximum of 750 hp. It only has a 201-mile EPA-estimated range, but with performance like this, who cares?
The Taycan Turbo S starts at $185,000 and its two-speed transmission maxes out at 161 mph, good for number 8 on our list.
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Transmissions For Electric Cars Are On The Way And Here’s Why That’s Important
One of the biggest gripes about electric cars from many die-hard auto enthusiasts, aside from not having a manual transmission, is that EVs lose all oomph at higher speeds. While this is true, there’s a very easy way to explain reason behind it: The lack of a transmission. Over the past two years, more original equipment manufacturers are dabbling in the world of transmissions for electrified cars, and it’s going to change the very way many of us view EVs.
The first time I visited a Tesla showroom, I was pleasantly surprised. Alongside the vehicles that I couldn’t afford was a shrine to simplicity in the middle of the floor. A Model S’ soul sat in front of me, a mixture of aluminum and rubber undressed for the world to see. The chassis was stripped down to expose just the floor pan and motor, showing just how everything worked. There was no cramped engine bay, no mess of hoses and plastic. Just metal.
GKN’s eTwinsterX 2-speed e-axle transmission
As electric cars increase in popularity, development of these vehicles will also continue to increase. More efficient cars with longer ranges and shorter charge times are just the beginning of what is to come. Thankfully, with interest from manufacturers in the automotive industry fortifying the future of electric cars, it’s just a matter of time before we begin to see drastic improvements.
Formula E ‘gen2’: Single
The latest generation of Formula E cars are incredible racing cars, intended as the pure-electric answer to Formula 1. While previous seasons required drivers to change cars mid-race, the latest racers have a much larger battery capacity and can go the full distance.
Acceleration from 0-62mph takes less than three seconds and the car weighs just 900kg, with 350bhp or so on tap. Sophisticated and futuristic aerodynamics help drivers extract the most from the series’ road-car-like tyres. Find out more about Formula E here.
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Tesla Model S Plaid: 0
The fastest electric saloon car here is the one that started it all: the Tesla Model S. The recently unveiled Model S Plaid is the quickest version of the car yet. It has three electric motors, produces 1,009bhp and can accelerate from 0-62mph in 1.99 seconds.
Priced at just under £120,000, the Model S Plaid will arrive in the UK towards the end of 2022. The Model X Plaid also produces 1,009bhp, but according to Tesla, it has a lower top speed of 163mph and 0-62mph time of 2.5 seconds. Read our full Model S and Model X reviews.
How Does Ev Range Compare To Fuel Cars
According to a recent survey, the most common concern for potential buyers is range anxiety as many worry about how far EVs can travel. However, this concern can be put to rest as many newer EV models already match the range of an average gas car as performance keeps improving.
For instance, while an average gas-powered car can reach up to 482 km on a full tank, most electric models have a range of 200-490 km on a single charge. Based on WLTP-measured data, newer EV models such as Hyundai Kona Electric , Chevrolet Bolt EV , and Kia e-Niro already offer similar ranges to an average fuel car. To put things into perspective, this means you could easily go from Brussels to Paris or from London to Liverpool without any stops for charging. Moreover, luxury cars such as the Tesla Model S Long-Range can even go up to 610 km on a full charge, which puts a drive from Barcelona to Madrid in the range of a single charge. A report by the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission shows that the average driving distance per day is between 40 and 90 km, making even older EV models capable of handling every-day distances.
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