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Who Made The First Electric Car

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The Birth Of The Electric Vehicle


Its hard to pinpoint the invention of the electric car to one inventor or country. Instead it was a series of breakthroughs — from the battery to the electric motor — in the 1800s that led to the first electric vehicle on the road.

In the early part of the century, innovators in Hungary, the Netherlands and the United States — including a blacksmith from Vermont — began toying with the concept of a battery-powered vehicle and created some of the first small-scale electric cars. And while Robert Anderson, a British inventor, developed the first crude electric carriage around this same time, it wasnt until the second half of the 19th century that French and English inventors built some of the first practical electric cars.

Here in the U.S., the first successful electric car made its debut around 1890 thanks to William Morrison, a chemist who lived in Des Moines, Iowa. His six-passenger vehicle capable of a top speed of 14 miles per hour was little more than an electrified wagon, but it helped spark interest in electric vehicles.

Over the next few years, electric vehicles from different automakers began popping up across the U.S. New York City even had a fleet of more than 60 electric taxis. By 1900, electric cars were at their heyday, accounting for around a third of all vehicles on the road. During the next 10 years, they continued to show strong sales.

Charles And Frank Duryea

America’s first gasoline-powered commercial car manufacturers were Charles and Frank Duryea. The brothers were bicycle makers who became interested in gasoline engines and automobiles and built their first motor vehicle in 1893, in Springfield, Massachusetts. By 1896, the Duryea Motor Wagon Company had sold thirteen models of the Duryea, an expensive limousine, which remained in production into the 1920s.

The Evolution Of The Car Dates All The Way Back To The 1600s

The very first self-powered road vehicles were powered by steam engines, and by that definition, Nicolas Joseph Cugnot of France built the first automobile in 1769 recognized by the British Royal Automobile Club and the Automobile Club de France as being the first. So why do so many history books say that the automobile was invented by either Gottlieb Daimler or Karl Benz? It is because both Daimler and Benz invented highly successful and practical gasoline-powered vehicles that ushered in the age of modern automobiles. Daimler and Benz invented cars that looked and worked like the cars we use today. However, it is unfair to say that either man invented “the” automobile.

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When Gas Ruled The World

While Detroit ruled the American roads with gas-guzzling vehicles for over 90 years, there were occasional electric car experiments. During the 1950âs, the National Electric Company and Henney Coachworks produced an electric car called the Henney Kilowatt. It had a top speed of 60 mph and could travel 50 miles on a charge. But the Kilowatt was more of an expensive novelty than a serious car and it ended production in 1961.

American Motors Corporation looked into producing an EV with a âself-charging batteryâ in 1959 and several âconcept carsâ appeared in the early 1960âs. One of those concepts was General Motorsâ 1964 Corvair-based Electrovair. Its silver-zinc batteries made it 800 pounds heavier than a regular Corvair and top speed was only 80 mph. It is rumored that the battery pack cost upwards of $160,000. As you might guess, the Electrovair never made it to production.

No less a name than General Electric developed its Delta experimental EV in 1967. The prototype could manage 55 mph and a range of 40 miles. Nothing to write home about by todayâs standards. Ford produced a similar experimental car using nickel-cadmium batteries with similarly unimpressive results. The world, it seemed was waiting for better battery technology and lithium-ion cells were still 30 years away.

But then something happened that put electric vehicles back on the front burner. It was something called⦠the Energy Crisis.

Power As A Service And General Vehicle

First Electric Car: 1834

To overcome the limited operating range of electric vehicles, and the lack of recharging infrastructure, an exchangeable battery service was first proposed as early as 1896. The concept was first put into practice by Hartford Electric Light Company through the GeVeCo battery service and was initially available for electric trucks. The vehicle owner purchased the vehicle from General Vehicle Company without a battery and the electricity was purchased from Hartford Electric through an exchangeable battery. The owner paid a variable per-mile charge and a monthly service fee to cover the maintenance and storage of the truck. Both vehicles and batteries were modified to facilitate a fast battery exchange. The service was provided between 1910 and 1924 and during that period covered more than 6 million miles. Beginning in 1917 a similar successful service was operated in Chicago for owners of Milburn Wagon Company cars who also could buy the vehicle without the batteries.

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It Even Had Key Advantages Over Gasoline

While the early electric cars were basically horseless carriages powered by batteries, they did have some perks.

For one, they didnt have the smell, noise, or vibration that steam or gasoline cars had. The were also a lot easier to operate. Gasoline cars had to be manually cranked to start, and the vehicles required the driver to change gears while driving, which was very difficult.

Steam-powered cars didnt require manual gear shifting, but they could take a while to start and had less range than electric cars.

Rauch And Lang Brougham

Rauch and Lang started by making carriages and coaches in 1860 before shifting to electric vehicles by 1908. The Brougham is a four-seat EV with a fold-down tiller and an 80-volt electric motor.

The electric car slowly faded to oblivion between 1915 to 1954, partly due to the Ford Model T and its affordable $650 base price. However, there were other factors at play. Road infrastructures were significantly improving by the early 1920s, spurring the need for faster vehicles with greater range.

American inventor Charles Kettering invented the electric starter in 1912, eliminating the need to dangerously crank gasoline engines by hand. And by 1897, Milton O. Reeves and Marshall T. Reeves invented the first muffler to reduce petrol engine noise significantly. The worldwide discovery of massive crude oil deposits led to cheaper petrol and reduced a petrol-powered cars operating costs.

Spurred by the global energy crisis and growing concern against the effects of global warming and hydrocarbon pollution, interest in electric cars saw a resurgence in the early 60s to the late 70s.

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Electric Cars Weren’t Just A Us Phenomenon Though Automakers Around The World Began Investing More In The Technology Bmw Debuted Its First Electric Car At The 1972 Summer Olympics

BMW’s 1602 E was developed in 1972 and was showcased at the Summer Olympics that year.

Twelve lead-acid starter batteries powered the vehicle, which featured a 42-horsepower electric motor. It could reach a top speed of 62 mph and had a range of 37 miles.

Although Olympics organizers used the 1602 E during the Munich games, the vehicle never went into production.

What Was The First Modern Electric Car

Everything You Ever Wanted To Know About The History Of Electric Cars

Internal-combustion cars have ruled the roost ever since the Model T arrived, but there have been a few efforts to kick-start the electric trend since then. In 1941, Peugeot was one of the only manufacturers to turn to electrification as an alternative to fossil fuels during wartime rationing, with its Véhicule Léger de Ville built until 1943. It had a range of around 50 miles, but could only muster speeds of around 20mph, The fuel crisis in 1971 saw a number of small, flash-in-the-pan efforts to offer an alternative to thirsty petrol cars, but ultimately these weren’t very successful.

In 1992, Ford released its Ecostar a Ford-Escort-based van that entered service with the Royal Mail and other operators in small numbers. In 1995 Peugeot introduced its 106 Electric, with over 3,500 examples built up until 2003.

Other electric cars arrived across the Atlantic in the US as a result of new clean-air policies sales of these models, including the streamlined General Motors EV1 in 1996, declined into the early 2000s as consumer interest waned and the SUV boom began.

The first examples of electric vehicles fitting the modern description of an electric car that is, one that can perform ably on all roads and at the same speeds as an internal-combustion car came thanks to improvements in lithium-ion battery technology in the eighties, nineties and early noughties.

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The Future Of Electric Cars In India

Fast forward to 2021, where companies are working aggressively to develop affordable electric vehicles, with a vision to dispel the notion that electric cars are expensive. For example, E-Trio, an EV company, is working on providing EVs for all in an affordable manner. They focus on cars and other products such as Electric LCV, Electric Bikes, and Electric three-wheelers.

The government in India aims to make arrangements and incentives so that the Battery Electric Vehicles will encourage more people to contribute to 25% of all new vehicle registrations by 2024. Currently, electric vehicles contribute to only 0.29% of the overall registrations in India. For this to happen, a two-prong approach must be set in motion. Firstly, India needs to be genuinely EV-ready by setting up the proper infrastructure and the necessary technology to support electric vehicle manufacturing. Secondly, provisions must be put in place so that the old vehicle can be converted into hybrid electric vehicles through retrofitting to curb the rising pollution levels.

How Much Do Public Ev Chargers Cost To Use

If you want to charge in transit, its helpful to have a smartphone. Despite the requirement for new chargers to have contactless payment options, most networks have apps that can help you find chargers and manage your costs. You can download them while sitting in the car.

Some apps merely ask for your credit or debit card info, and will charge you based on time and power used. The phone sends commands directly to the point, telling it to start and stop, and to open access flaps.

Access and electricity costs vary. Some venues such as hotels and shopping centres give power away for free, but most posts cost around £1.50 per hour. Rapid chargers are generally more expensive, reflecting the fact that they can cram more electricity into the battery in a shorter time. An Ecotricity charger at a motorway service station will cost £3 to connect for up to 45 minutes, plus 30p for each kWh of electricity. Ecotricity home-energy customers get a discount. Other rapid chargers, such as those at some Shell stations, simply charge for the electricity. Currently the rate is 39p/kWh.

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What Is An Electric Vehicle

An electric vehicle is a type of transportation that runs on electricity. In the industry, there are three types of electric vehicles:

  • Full electric vehicles: These vehicles are powered by electric motors and batteries.
  • Hybrid electric vehicles: These vehicles have both a gasoline engine and an electric motor. The electric motor helps to power the car at low speeds and when the vehicle is stopped, like in traffic.
  • Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles: These are similar to hybrid electric vehicles but can also be plugged into electric power sources to charge.

The electric engine is powered by an electric current produced from the battery . This eliminates the need for a gasoline engine and therefore does not need gasoline to power the car.

An Inadequate Charging Network

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Electric vehicles were limited to places that had electricity: cities. Thomas Edison opened the first electric power plant in 1882, but by 1910, only 10 percent of American homes had electricity, and rural electrification efforts would not come until the 1930s. Electrification was a patchwork of competing systems, voltages, and frequencies, with direct current in cities and alternating current in the countryside . It was developed by private companies, with little federal planning or oversight until the New Deal.

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Alternatives To The Electric Vehicle

While EVs are quite popular, they may not be for everyone. There are some alternatives to electric cars that may interest some drivers. The electric scooter or moped, for example, provides some of the same benefits of an EV with a much smaller price tag. Riders can also make use of the bike lane and dont have to worry about parking. Of course, it doesnt do well in the rain.

Some companies are experimenting with using solar panels as a way to charge EVs. They have looked at placing solar cells directly on vehicles or on vehicle charging stations. While this is still a type of EV, the use of solar cells instead of plugging in means the car can charge whenever its in sunlight, alleviating some of the battery life issues.

Hydrogen is a potential alternative fuel source that a number of companies are currently researching. Its emissions-free and is most often created by using a technique known as steam reformation. This transforms methane into hydrogen. Currently, most of this hydrogen is used in refining petroleum and processing foods, but it has been used as a power source in space flight for decades.

There are a number of other alternative fuels currently being studied. The Energy Policy Act of 1992 lists fuels such as Biomethane, drop-in biofuels, and biobutanol as potential fuel sources. However, while they have been used to power a vehicle, much more research and development is needed before they become commercially viable power sources.

Get A Good Electricity Deal

Check your electricity suppliers prices. It makes sense to move to a deal that has the lowest price per kWh but a higher standing charge, as you will become a heavy user. If you will charge your car mostly at night, consider an Economy 7 meter with cheaper rates in the early hours. Some cars, such as the Nissan Leaf, have a programmable charging timer that can make the most of this.

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Ever Wondered Where The Electric Car Came From Here’s A Short History Of The Technology And Milestone Moments In Its History

The electric car is fast becoming a significant part of the automotive landscape, with more car buyers making the switch as governments around the world begin to lock down on emissions ahead of a permanent move away from fossil-fuelled personal transportation.

Modern electric cars are on the cutting edge of technological understanding, battery performance and sophisticated manufacturing techniques. It’s technology that feels completely futuristic, but it’s a story that actually began over 100 years ago.

Here’s our whistle-stop tour of the history of the electric car.

How Do Electric Cars Work

How Porsche’s First Electric Car (The Taycan) Is Made | The Making Of

Electric cars, or EVs for short, work through the use of an electric motor instead of an internal combustion engine, like gasoline-powered cars. In most cases, EVs make use of a large traction battery pack to power the motor. This battery pack is charged by being plugged into a specially designed charging station or outlet at the users’ home.

As EVs run on electricity, they have no exhaust and do not contain parts like the fuel pump, fuel line, carburetor, and fuel tank, which are needed in gasoline-powered cars.

In general, electric vehicles consist of a series of basic components. These include, but are not limited to, the following:

1. Battery : In most electric drive vehicles, the auxiliary battery provides electricity for start-up and to power vehicle accessories like the clock. This is not to be confused with the main traction battery pack.

2. Charge port: The stored energy in a battery cannot last forever and it needs to be recharged from time to time. This is where the charge port comes into play. It allows the EV to be connected to an external power supply.

U.S. Department of Energy

3. DC/DC converter: Typically, the traction battery pack will have a higher voltage than many other components in the car. This device converts the higher-voltage DC into lower-voltage DC for safe use.

6. Power electronics controller: This device actively manages the flow of electrical energy delivered to the battery and controls the speed of the electric traction motor .

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How Long Does It Take To Charge An Electric Car

One of the big questions when it comes to electric car ownership tends to be – how long will it take my electric car to charge? As you can imagine with all the different models, charger types and charging networks, the answer is – it depends.

The average EV charging time can be anything less than an hour with a high-voltage rapid charger to around eight hours on a normal domestic power supply. The important thing to remember is that if an electric car suits your lifestyle, you’ll be able to charge it at times when you’re not using it, so the length of time it takes to charge shouldn’t really be an issue. We explain more below…

In October 2016 Gm Made A Big Push Into The Electric

While GM has a long history with electric cars, the Bolt is its first all-electric car with a range of more than 200 miles.

The Chevy Bolt can go 238 miles between “fill-ups” and costs about $30,000, after a $7,500 federal tax credit. Top speed is 91 mph.

While charging, the car gains about 25 miles in range every hour. The car can fully charge in nine hours with a 240-volt unit.

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