Who Made The First Electric Car
Like combustion engine vehicles, there was no single inventor of electric cars. Their emergence and development should be considered more of a series of discoveries and inventions that would ultimately ‘coalesce’ into what we recognize today as the electric car.
The discovery of electricity aside, the first prerequisite needed to develop electric cars was a reliable rechargeable battery.
Anyos Jedlik, a Hungarian inventor, developed an early electrical motor in 1828. Using this new invention, he also developed an early ‘proof of concept’ for using electricity as a means of transportation, by building a model car that could be moved using his motor.
A little later, in 1834, Vermont Blacksmith, Thomas Davenport, built another model electric vehicle that was able to run on a small, circular, electrical track.;
As impressive as these were, they lacked self-contained rechargeable power sources and, therefore, had limited utility as a mode of transport, even if scaled up.
The world would need to wait until 1859,;when French Physicist Gaston Plante developed his lead-acid battery.;
The technology was further improved by another Frenchman, Camille Alphonse Faure, who in 1881 significantly increased the capacity of the battery. This development enabled the production of batteries on an industrial scale.
With a reliable and rechargeable power source in hand, other inventors began to experiment with electricity and locomotion.
The Golden Age Of Electric Cars
Interest in motor vehicles increased greatly in the late 1890s and early 1900s. Electric battery-powered taxis became available at the end of the 19th century. In London, Walter Bersey designed a fleet of such cabs and introduced them to the streets of London in 1897. They were soon nicknamed Hummingbirds due to the idiosyncratic humming noise they made.
In the same year in New York City, Samuels Electric Carriage and Wagon Company began running 12 electric hansom cabs. The company ran until 1898 with up to 62 cabs operating until it was reformed by its financiers to form the Electric Vehicle Company.
Electric vehicles had a number of advantages over their early-1900s competitors. They did not have the vibration, smell, and noise associated with gasoline cars. They also did not require gear changes. The cars were also preferred because they did not require a manual effort to start, as did gasoline cars which featured a hand crank to start the engine.
Electric cars found popularity among well-heeled customers who used them as city cars, where their limited range proved to be even less of a disadvantage. Electric cars were often marketed as suitable vehicles for women drivers due to their ease of operation; in fact, early electric cars were stigmatized by the perception that they were womens cars, leading some companies to affix radiators to the front to disguise the cars propulsion system.
Gustave Trouvés tricycle , worlds first electric car.
Who Killed The Electric Car
The demise of the EV1 is the subject of a 2006 documentary film entitled Who Killed the Electric Car?. Much of the film accounts for GM’s efforts to demonstrate to California that there was no demand for their product and then to reclaim and dispose of every EV1 manufactured. A few vehicles were disabled and given to museums and universities, but almost all were found to have been crushed, or shredded using a special machine, as seen in the documentary. However, apparently one or more EV1s did remain in private hands: director Francis Ford Coppola showed off his EV1 on “Jay Leno‘s Garage”, though whether it is driveable is unclear.
GM responded to the film’s claims, laying out several reasons why the EV1 was not commercially viable at the time and that the company had issues finding parts for the car.
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When Was The First Tesla Car Made
Tesla Motors produced its very first electric car, the Roadster, in 2008. This vehicle was a revolution in the modern age of the electric vehicle and featured cutting-edge battery technology and an electric powertrain.
The original Roadster was a battery electric vehicle and was the first highway-legal, serial production, all-electric car to ever use a lithium-ion battery as a power source. It is also the first all-electric car capable of traveling more than 320 kilometers per charge.
It could also reach an incredible top speed of 200 km/h.
And, it can now add a very unique epithet to its already impressive list – the first production car to ever be launched into space. In February 2018, it served as a dummy payload for the Falcon Heavy test flight. A mannequin dressed in a spacesuit, dubbed ‘Starman’, occupied the driver’s seat
Between its production years , more than;2,450 Roadsters were sold in over 30 countries around the world.
It Wasn’t Until The 1960s And 1970s That Interest In Electric Cars Began To Grow Again
Much like today,concerns over pollution were partly responsible for the renewed interest in developing the technology for electric cars.
In 1970, the Clean Air Act was established, which required states to take control of their air quality and meet certain standards by deadlines. The OPEC oil embargo of 1973, which skyrocketed gasoline prices, also sparked;interest in alternatives;to fueled vehicles.
And by 1976 Congress took action and passed the Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Research, Development, and Demonstration Act, which authorized the Energy Department to support research and development in electric and hybrid vehicles.
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The History Of Electric Vehicles: A Timeline
Electric vehicles have been growing in popularity in recent years, with zero emissions and cheaper runner costs appealing to consumers and environmentalists alike. But did you know that the history of electric cars actually goes a long way back?
While regarded by many as a relatively new invention, the first electric vehicles were actually produced and used as early as the 19th century. In fact, at the start of the 20th century, electric cars accounted for around a third of vehicles on the road in the America!
The history of electric cars, and how they fell in and out of fashion, is fascinating. Explore our timeline below to track the progress and popularity of the vehicles that many of us love today, and discover how the inventors of previous centuries helped to pave the way for our own incredibly popular MG ZS Electric.
Alternatives To The Electric Vehicle
While EVs are quite popular, they may not be for everyone. There are some alternatives to electric cars that may interest some drivers. The electric scooter or moped, for example, provides some of the same benefits of an EV with a much smaller price tag. Riders can also make use of the bike lane and dont have to worry about parking. Of course, it doesnt do well in the rain.
Some companies are experimenting with using solar panels as a way to charge EVs. They have looked at placing solar cells directly on vehicles or on vehicle charging stations. While this is still a type of EV, the use of solar cells instead of plugging in means the car can charge whenever its in sunlight, alleviating some of the battery life issues.
Hydrogen is a potential alternative fuel source that a number of companies are currently researching. Its emissions-free and is most often created by using a technique known as steam reformation. This transforms methane into hydrogen. Currently, most of this hydrogen is used in refining petroleum and processing foods, but it has been used as a power source in space flight for decades.
There are a number of other alternative fuels currently being studied. The Energy Policy Act of 1992 lists fuels such as Biomethane, drop-in biofuels, and biobutanol as potential fuel sources. However, while they have been used to power a vehicle, much more research and development is needed before they become commercially viable power sources.
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Analysis Of Success Vs Failure
The conventional business view of the EV1 as a failure is inherently controversial. If it is viewed as an attempt to produce a viable EV product, then it was a success, although certainly from GM’s perspective the vehicle was not a commercial success, since the high profit margins typically seen with internal combustion engine vehicles remained elusive. However, if one considers the vehicle as a technological showpiecea production electric car that actually could replace a gasoline powered vehiclethen the program’s outcome is less definitive. The EV1 was produced for the consumer market, and many lessees found driving an EV1 to be a favorable experience.
Some analysts have suggested that it is inappropriate to compare the EV1 with existing gasoline powered commuter cars, since the EV1 was, in effect, a completely new product category that had no equivalent vehicles against which it might be judged.
Its Good For Our Planet
Cars have been on the road since the 1880s. Back then, we knew nothing about climate change, but thats very much not the case today.
Each time you drive a car, its tailpipe releases carbon dioxide as the vehicle burns fuel. The EPA says that in one gallon of gas, the CO2 tailpipe emissions are 8,887 grams. In a gallon of diesel fuel, its even worse, as then your tailpipe releases 10,180 grams of CO2.
Carbon dioxide is the main greenhouse gas because its the most plentiful.
The average annual amount of carbon dioxide released by a passenger vehicle is 4.6 metric tons, says the EPA.
On top of the CO2, your car also produces emissions in the forms of hydrofluorocarbon, nitrous oxide, and methane, which further exacerbates global warming.
EVs use no fuel, which means their carbon footprint is much lower.
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Even First Ladies Drove Them
Long before Elon Musks Tesla cars, electric automobiles roamed the streets of the nations capital. President William Howard Tafts wife drove an electric car. President Woodrow Wilson rode in an electric, and his wife drove one.
Women were the driving force behind electric cars. The electrics were cleaner, quieter and easier to drive than steamers and especially gasoline cars, which spewed smelly fumes and had to be started with a hand crank. Denver socialite Margaret Whitehead drove a Fritsche Electric because, she said, a lady can wear the most perishable and delicately hued gown she possesses, and the daintiest of footwear without giving a thought, for when she arrives at her destination she is unsullied and her coiffure is as unruffled as when she left the house.
The first families in Washington also influenced car trends. The 330-pound President Taft preferred to ride in a big, open-top White Model M steam car made by White Motor Co. But in 1909, his wife, Helen, started driving a two-seater Baker Queen Victoria Electric car around Washington. The first ladys car, made by Baker Motor Vehicle Co., had blue upholstery and the U.S. coat of arms painted on the doors.
Mrs. Taft replaced the Baker in 1912 with a new one. One newspaper said: The use of an electric car by the Presidents wife will undoubtedly give a great impetus to the electric vehicle business.
Environmental Concern Drives Electric Vehicles Forward
Fast forward again — this time to the 1990s. In the 20 years since the long gas lines of the 1970s, interest in electric vehicles had mostly died down. But new federal and state regulations begin to change things. The passage of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendment and the 1992 Energy Policy Act — plus new transportation emissions regulations issued by the California Air Resources Board — helped create a renewed interest in electric vehicles in the U.S.
During this time, automakers began modifying some of their popular vehicle models into electric vehicles. This meant that electric vehicles now achieved speeds and performance much closer to gasoline-powered vehicles, and many of them had a range of 60 miles.
One of the most well-known electric cars during this time was GMs EV1, a car that was heavily featured in the 2006 documentary Who Killed the Electric Car? Instead of modifying an existing vehicle, GM designed and developed the EV1 from the ground up. With a range of 80 miles and the ability to accelerate from 0 to 50 miles per hour in just seven seconds, the EV1 quickly gained a cult following. But because of high production costs, the EV1 was never commercially viable, and GM discontinued it in 2001.
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When Was The First Electric Car Made A History Of The Electric Car
April 09, 2021byRyan Hirons
Electric cars have surged in numbers and popularity in recent years, but their significance goes back far further than that. In fact, the electric cars of today like the Tesla Model 3 and VW ID4 can find their earliest ancestors at the dawn of the car industry.Depending on who you ask, electricity actually precedes some of the earliest combustion-powered production cars.
As early as 1884, the English inventor Thomas Parker was building prototype versions for an all-electric road car of his own design around a year before Karl Benz completed work on what would end up becoming his petrol-engined Patent Motorwagen.
Youd be forgiven for having no idea this was the first card Ferdinand Porsche designed
In the years to come, plenty more pure-electric cars would arrive on the scene ranging from more compact offerings like the 1888 Flocken Elektrowagen two-seater horseless carriage to the fleets of electric taxi cabs that began collecting fares in New York during the 1890s. Even the Harrods department store saw potential in electric vehicles, as it used cars like this 1901 Pope Waverley for light delivery duties around London.
One particularly interesting EV from this time was the Egger-Lohner C2 Phaeton from 1898, as it was the first vehicle to be designed by Ferdinand Porsche more than 120 years before the company that bears his name launched its inaugural electric car, the Porsche Taycan.
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College Dropout Builds Electric Trike In Parents Basement
In 1884 Andrew L. Riker dropped out of school after the first year of college and started experimenting with electric motors and a battery to a Coventry bicycle. The work in his parent’s basement resulted in a two-passenger trike that had a 25-mile range using a series of lead-sulfuric acid batteries. Like the bikes of that time it had a tubular steel frame, wire wheels, and pneumatic tires. In 1888 Andrew Riker founded the Riker Electric Vehicle Company based in Elizabeth Port, New Jersey.
1888:Philip W. Pratt demonstrates the very first American electric tricycle.
Philip Pratts e-trike was built for him by Fred M. Kimball of the Fred M. Kimball Company. The vehicles 10 lead-acid cells created 20 volts to a 0.5 horsepower DC motor. The driver sat above the battery assemblage. The whole setup weighed about 300 pounds and had a top speed of eight miles-per-hour. The Pratt-Kimball device wasnt the first electric tricycle in the world that milestone belongs to British engineers William Ayrton and John Perry but it led the way to American innovation in self-propelled vehicles.
Pratt took the editor of Modern Light and Heat for a spin around Winthrop Square in Boston.
1888 Immisch& Company built a four-passenger carriage, powered by a one- horsepower motor and 24-cell battery, for the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. In the same year, Magnus Volk in Brighton, England made a three-wheeled electric car.
New York City Taxi 1901
In June 2012 Tesla Began Delivery Of Its Model S Its Second Long
Tesla’s first performance Model S, which had an;85-kilowatt hour battery, had an official EPA range of 265 miles per charge.;
The company originally intended to deliver the Model S in 2011. However, the company didn’t begin deliveries until late mid-2012.;
Tesla delivered the Model S to the first customers at an event at the Tesla factory in Fremont, California on June 22, 2012.;
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In October 2016 Gm Made A Big Push Into The Electric
While GM has a long history with electric cars, the Bolt is its first all-electric car with a range of more than 200 miles.;
The Chevy Bolt;can go 238 miles between “fill-ups”;and costs about $30,000, after a $7,500 federal tax credit. Top speed is;91 mph.;
While charging, the car gains about 25 miles in range every hour. The car can fully charge in nine hours with a 240-volt unit.
New Rules Of The Road
The US Environmental Protection Agency, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, the California Air Resources Board and major automakers announce jointly negotiated increases in fuel economy and emissions requirements. As planned, these will require cars and SUVs to become, on average, much more fuel efficient by the year 2025. Meeting these requirements essentially requires the sale of more electric and hybrid vehicles. This move, combined with tighter emissions requirements in Europe and electric car purchase incentives in China, drives manufacturers to develop more electric and other plug-in hybrid cars.
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